How It Works


Although tattoos are permanent, your body’s immune system immediately works to remove your tattoo the moment ink is inserted into your skin. This innate immune process is why tattoos naturally fade and lose colour over time.

However, a tattoo is inserted very strategically in order to achieve its permanent design. When a tattoo is applied, ink particles are inserted beneath the epidermis of the skin within the dermis, your skins deepest layer. Your body’s immune system cannot clear out ink particles as they are too large for the lymphatic system to absorb and flush away. Instead, bacteria eating cells continuously scrape away tiny fragments of ink over a lifetime, causing your tattoo to fade ever so slowly but also allowing the ink to stay permanently trapped in your skin.


Laser tattoo removal acts as an aid to your immune system by shattering the large ink particles into smaller nanoparticles that are easier for your body to flush away. Our Duality laser uses photoselective thermolysis to break up the large ink particles in your skin’s dermis. Each pulse of the laser sends a targeted wavelength of light to a selected colour of ink, heating the particles and shattering them into significantly smaller nanoparticles without affecting or damaging surrounding tissue. The nanoparticles can then be flushed out naturally through the lymphatic system, speeding up the natural fading process.

Effectively fading and removing tattoos requires an understanding of tattoo application. Types of needles (shaders or liners) used will determine the depth and density of ink particles, the direction of needle penetration (cross-hatching, circular) will determine how the ink is layered, and types of ink will determine the pigment colour for the appropriate wavelength. All of these factors play a role in determining the number of treatments your unique tattoo will need to achieve your desired results (fading for a cover-up or complete laser tattoo removal).

Light and energy of particular depths and temperatures also stimulate collagen. As a result, laser tattoo removal is often used in scar reduction and can be a happy side effect of tattoo removal.